is a small town in New Mexico, United States whose name has become
synonymous with the alleged July 1947 crash of an extraterrestrial
spacecraft and the subsequent recovery by the U.S. military of both
debris and alien bodies. The military maintains the incident was a
downed, at the time, highly classifed surveillance balloon, while UFO
proponents and conspiracy theorists see an attempted suppression of the
June 14, 1947, William “Mac” Brazel, foreman of the Foster
located some 70 miles (110 km) NW of Roswell, stumbled upon a debris
field of rubber strips, tinfoil, a rather tough paper and sticks.
July 6 or 7, probably influenced by a media obsessed with UFOs, Brazel
approached Chaves County Sheriff George Wilcox and informed him that he
might have found a flying disk. Wilcox in turn contacted Roswell Army
Air Field home of the 509th Bomb Group.
hours Intelligence Officer Major Jesse Marcel and Counterintelligence
Agent Captain Sheridan Cavitt arrived to investigate. After a
brief conversation with Brazel they accompanied him back to the Foster
ranch where they spent the remainder of the day collecting and
examining debris. 
July 8 a press release issued by Colonel Blanchard, commander of the
509th, stated that a crashed flying disk had been recovered from a
ranch northwest of Roswell. Within hours the story had changed,
according to Roger M. Ramey, the Commanding General of the Eighth Air
Force, the disk was actually a weather balloon. A subsequent press
conference during which various balloon like debris was displayed
seemed to corroborate the General’s declaration.
incident was relegated to the dustbin of history, dismissed and almost
forgotten until a 1978 interview between ufologist Stanton Friedman and
Major Jesse Marcel, in which the latter’s astonishing claims, shedding
a new and different light on the event, piqued Friedman's
expressed his belief that their had been a cover-up, the government
involved in the recovery of an alien spacecraft, and that the remains
of the weather balloon, presented during the press conference, was not
what he had found having been switched with the original material.
claim (concerning the switch) was later corroborated by Brigadier
General Jefferson Dubose, who at the time of the incident, as a Colonel
and Chief of Staff to General Ramey, purportedly had full knowledge of
clandestine behind the scenes goings-on.
an affidavit signed and witnessed 9/16/91 Dubose stated: “The material
shown in the photographs taken in General Ramey’s office was a weather
balloon. The weather balloon explanation for the material was a cover
story to divert the attention of the press.” He further stated that in
an operation conducted under the greatest secrecy the real material was
sent to Major General Clements McMullen, Deputy Commander, Strategic
Air Command, Washington D.C. and from there rerouted by personal
courier on the General’s plane to Benjamin Chidlaw, Commanding General
of the Air Materiel Command at Wright Field (today Wright Patterson Air
further evidence is needed that something is amiss, perhaps it can be
found in another affidavit this time signed by Walter Haut (apparently
there are issues concerning validity) and released, after his death, on
the 60th anniversary of the incident.
a young 1st Lieutenant, Haut was the public information officer who
prepared the press release of July 8, 1947, informing the world about a
recovered “flying disk.” After maintaining for his entire adult life
that he was never made privy to any secrets, he posthumously revealed
that he actually knew far more than he had previously indicated.
following the press release, Colonel Blanchard had taken him to a B29
hanger and showed him a recovered spacecraft along with several tiny
alien bodies awaiting disposal in a temporary morgue. Haut also
revealed that there had been two impact sites, the debris field was the
first, the second, 40 miles north of Roswell, was where the flying disk
and its crew had been found.
As the years pass
more information is revealed, becomes public, changed or modified;
eyewitness accounts embraced or dismissed.
number of those invoved have come forward with stories of military
personnel making threats to them and their families, warning them never
to reveal to others what they themselves had seen or heard.
an interview with Omni Magazine, Glenn Dennis former Roswell mortician
and a co-founder of the International UFO Museum and Research Center,
 claimed that on July 7, 1947, while working at the Ballard Funeral
Home, he had received two puzzling telephone calls from Roswell Army
Air Field, the first asking if he had any small hermetically sealed
caskets the second inquiring about embalming procedures.
that day, while transporting an injured airman to the base, he had seen
piles of strange debris some pieces covered in hieroglyphic-like
symbols. A few minutes later he had run into an Air Force Captain who
angrily ordered him off the property, then into a nurse whom he knew
quite well. The nurse was apparently hysterical and gasping for air,
between sobs she had warned him to get away immediately.
next morning his father had paid him a visit, apparently the sheriff
had been at his house with a warning that he was in a lot of trouble
out at the base “You tell Glenn, if he knows anything to keep his mouth
shut. They want all your kid’s names, they want to know when they were
born, and they want to know where they are now.”
if that wasn’t enough he was contacted later by the nurse and they met
for a drink. She told him a wild story of witnessing diminutive
mutilated alien bodies with huge eyes and four fingers, of being
pressed into service by physicians she had never seen before, of taking
notes while they performed an autopsy and all the while immersed in a
stench which was apparently so horrific that it had made her and the
returning the nurse to her quarters he never saw her again. Weeks
later, however, correspondence arrived wanting to know if all was well.
A return letter, to the address given, came back. On the front was
marked "Return to Sender," while down near the bottom, stamped in red,
was the word “Deceased.” 
1994/95 the Air Force changed its story once again. The weather balloon
that had been the subject of so much controversy had actually been a
high altitude research balloon part of a top secret project called
Mogul. These balloons (a forerunner to Skyhook) and the sophisticated
instruments they carried were used to spy on Soviet weapons tests and
were at the time highly classified.
1997 the Air Force also weighed in on the issue of alien bodies found
near Roswell. A report called “Case Closed” attempted to convince the
general public that those that had claimed to have seen alien bodies
had actually been looking at lifelike human facsimiles that had been
dropped from high altitude as part of a special government study.
study they were talking about was project “High Dive” in which
anthropomorphic dummies were dropped from altitude, the object to
develop a safe way to return humans to Earth via parachute from the
edge of space.
it was pointed out that the dummies weren’t used until 1953, the Air
Force’s response was that all those that had witnessed aliens in 1947
were mistaken, possibly experiencing some sort of mass hallucination.
or not an alien spacecraft really did crash near Roswell, New Mexico,
is a question to which the public at large may never know the answer.
There are of course a few that do know the truth, upper level
government officials, along with military and select civilian personnel
(scientists, doctors and so forth) that were involved in some fashion
in whatever it was that actually did happen. 
the meantime, keep an open mind, scan the skies and say after me with
as much conviction as you can muster “Klaatu barada nikto.”
According to Dr. Jesse Marcel Jr., who was 11 at the time, his father
brought some of the material home saying he thought it was the remains
of a flying saucer.
The International UFO Museum and Research Center was a joint venture
founded in 1991 by Max Littell, Glenn Dennis and Walter Haut (the
latter was president until 1996). Almost 3 million people have visited
the complex, arguably the town's major attraction, since its opening in
Inconsistencies in Dennis' narrative have raised red flags with some
researchers, the ex-mortician accused of embellishing and twisting the
truth, his story a mishmash of elements (strange debris, hieroglyphs,
odorous mutilated bodies and heightened security etc.) drawn from
individual incidents that actually took place over a number of years.
Many conspiracy theorists believe it was a UFO crash near Roswell, that
finally compelled U.S. President Harry Truman into (allegedly) issuing
an executive order to assemble a mysterious committee of military
leaders, government officials and scientists code named Majestic
in general are a mainstay of the local economy, the four-day Roswell
UFO Festival in particular a fun and financially lucrative event.
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