The Nazca (Nasca) Lines

Nazca (also pronounced Nasca) lines located in the Peruvian desert between the towns of Nazca and Palpa and created, according to new evidence, between 400 and 650 CE are an astonishing example of what primitive peoples can create using primitive tools.

Over 300 giant drawings (geoglyphs) were made by clearing the desert's surface of reddish brown stones and revealing the lighter colored earth beneath. They range in complexity from simple lines to distinctive shapes that resemble airport runways, birds, fish, llamas, jaguars, monkeys and even humans.

The widespread misconception that the glyphs can be observed only from the sky (they can also be viewed from atop the surrounding hills) has led many to believe that they were the creation of ancient astronauts who used the markings as guideposts and landing sites.

Colorful Floridian Jim Woodman, a frequent visitor to South America, believes the line’s creators had mastered flight and using materials such as, rope, cloth and reeds from Lake Titicaca constructed a hot air balloon, complete with gondola, that porportedly reached an altitude of 300 feet (90 meters) sufficiently high for primitive locals to have checked on their handiwork.

As to how the illustrations were created, a grid map and a series of ranging poles one possible method.

As to why the illustrations were created, probably religious, the pictures were meant to be seen by the eyes of gods not men.

There are concerns that the fragile lines (10 to 30 centimeters deep) might be damaged by increasing rainfall due to changing weather patterns. (The fact that the Nazca desert is one of the driest, least windy places on Earth is along with its isolated location one of the primary reasons for the lines continued existance.)

The "Nazca Lines" have been designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

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