Polynesian pronunciation MAH-kay MAH-kay) named after Make-make the
Rapa Nui (Easter Island) people's god of fertility and creator of
humanity, was discovered on March 31, 2005, by the team of M. E. Brown,
C. A. Trujillo and D. L. Rabinowitz. This late addition to the Solar
family, located in the Kuiper belt  beyond Pluto
included by the IAU in the newly created category dwarf planet  subclass
"plutoid"  July 19, 2008, making it officially both a dwarf planet
(based largely on its exceptional brightness, a virtual guarantee of
hydrostatic equilibrium) and plutoid.
orbit of 38.51 AU at perihelion and 53.07 AU at aphelion, places it (for now) the farthest from the Sun of any KBO (Kuiper belt
object)—the dwarf planet/plutoid Eris with an orbit of 97.65 AU at aphelion is generally regarded as an SDO or scattered disk object. 
Its diameter of
approximately 1,500 kilometers makes it about two thirds the size of
analysis of the dwarf planet seems to indicate the presence of methane/ethane
ice and it's possible that as it approaches perihelion the ice sublimates and forms a tenuous atmosphere.
Makemake has a high surface albedo (reflecting power) of 0.81 and an extremely low average surface
temperature of -243.2 Celsius.
To date Makemake has one known moon: S/2015 (136472) 1, nicknamed MK 2
The Kuiper belt is a region of the outer Solar
System populated by
billions of rock-ice objects. It reaches from the orbit of Neptune
AU) outward to approximately 55 AU.
A "dwarf planet" is a celestial body that (a) is in orbit around the
Sun, (b) has sufficient mass for its self-gravity to overcome rigid
body forces so that it assumes a hydrostatic equilibrium (nearly round
shape), (c) has not cleared the neighborhood around its orbit and (d)
is not a satellite.
 A "plutoid"
is a trans-Neptunian dwarf planet.
scattered disk is an area of rock-ice objects with highly
inclined to the ecliptic plane) orbiting
beyond but approaching Neptune
at perihelion (30 AU to as much as 150 AU at aphelion) and
therefore subject to continued perturbation by that giant's gravity. As
is obvious there is overlap with the Kuiper belt and in fact many
astronomers consider the scattered disk to be not separate but rather
an extension of that more densely populated inner region.
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