Triangle is located in the
Atlantic Ocean off the east coast of North America. The
points of the
triangle are Miami, Florida; San Juan,
and the island of Bermuda.
The area covers a half million square
miles and is allegedly home to mysterious forces which are responsible
the disappearance of a disproportionate number of ships
name “Bermuda Triangle” is generally attributed to writer Vincent H.
first used it in
a 1964 article he wrote for Argosy magazine.
Gaddis may have given the region a name, but he was
neither the first nor would he be the last to attribute peculiar goings
on to the
George X. Sand drew public attention to the
area in 1952, in an article he wrote for Fate magazine in which he
alluded to a higher than normal incidence of strange events occurring
in the Atlantic Ocean to the east of Miami. The editorial
entitled “Sea Mystery at our Back Door” added the mystifying
disappearance of five
U.S. Navy TBM Avenger torpedo bombers along with the
loss of a Martin Mariner flying boat, involved in the subsequent search
and rescue attempt, to the locales growing reputation.
stream of books, magazine articles, documentaries and movies followed,
each espousing their own theories. By 1974 the triangle had become one
of the hottest topics in ufology and Charles Berlitz’s book “The
Bermuda Triangle” published that year became an instant bestseller.
for the alleged strange occurrences are all over the map, ranging from
the mundane to the truly bizarre such as Atlantis,
into other dimensions, black holes and gigantic sea
Exaggeration and disinformation often
play a part, ships said to have disappeared while plying calm seas are
instead found to have sunk during vicious storms, while others
supposedly “mysteriously vanished” have in fact not vanished at all
their disappearance easily explained.
particular the controversy surrounding the disappearance of Flight 19
seems more hype than substance. While certainly a tragedy it appears to
be more the result of pilot error than alien intervention. The flight's
Avengers, manned by student pilots with Lt. Charles Taylor the flight's
commanding, were to conduct practice bombing runs 56
nautical miles (64 mi; 104 km) due east of
the Naval Air Station at Fort Lauderdale, Florida, after which they
were to continue east for a further 67 nautical miles (77 mi; 124 km)
then north for 73 nautical miles
(84 mi; 135 km) before returning to base.
to a radio message sent by
Taylor ninety minutes after their departure, his compass was
malfunctioning and he was unsure of his location. At this point
thinking he was flying north, Taylor was apparently flying east out to
sea. Transmissions picked up by the mainland would seem to indicate
that at least some of the students were aware of the situation and
urging the flight’s commander to reverse direction. “If we would just
fly west” one student was heard telling another “we would get home.”
Unfortunately, for whatever his reasons, Taylor refused to alter
course. When asked
he also refused to relinquish command.
A final radio fix on the bombers indicated they were flying
northeast, the weather rapidly deteriorating. Eventually, beyond
communication range and out of fuel, the planes would have crashed.
Following impact, rough seas and high waves would have swamped the
aircraft their heavy metal bodies quickly dragging them under.
A search carried
that night and the following day by navy search planes found nothing.
One of the planes a Martin Mariner also went missing probably the
result of an explosion. The Mariner had a reputation of being extremely
unsafe and was often referred to as a “flying bomb.”
A ship in
the vicinity did in fact report an explosion and upon reaching the site
apparently found aircraft debris. Of the Avengers no trace has ever
In the final
analysis the mystery of the so called
Bermuda Triangle would appear to be little more than a combination of
bad judgment, bad weather, bad luck, over active imaginations and
released by the famous maritime insurance company
Lloyds of London and confirmed by the U.S. Coast Guard seemingly bear
this out, indicating the area inside the triangle to be no more
dangerous than that found outside.
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